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Hematologic Cancers

Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receive unnecessarily high-dose levels of chemotherapy, according to Dr Bob Löwenberg, professor of Hematology at the Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam, The Netherlands at the 16th Congress of the European Hematology Association.

 

Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receive unnecessarily high-dose levels of chemotherapy, according to Dr Bob Löwenberg, professor of Hematology at the Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam, The Netherlands at the 16th Congress of the European Hematology Association.

 

Treatment with a hybridoma-derived autologous tumor immunoglobulin (Ig) idiotype (Id) vaccine extended disease-free survival (DFS) by 14 months in treatment-naive patients with advanced stage follicular lymphoma achieving complete response (CR) or CR unconfirmed (CRu) after chemotherapy, in a double-blind multicenter controlled phase 3 trial. Subgroup analysis identified that patients with the IgM heavy chain isotype and therefore an IgM-Id vaccine, had greater time to relapse than patient with the IgG isotype and IgG-Id vaccine.

Using the recommended dose of 1.3 mg/m2administered as a 3- to 5-second bolus intravenous (IV) injection on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 of 21-day cycles, patients with relapsed multiple myeloma (MM) after 1 to 3 previous lines of therapy achieved noninferior efficacy with subcutaneous versus IV delivery of the drug when receiving up to eight 21-day cycles. In addition, those in the SQ arm experienced improvement in their systemic safety profile.

 

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) represent a spectrum of rare neoplasms derived from cells of the nervous and endocrine systems.

Women who have difficulty performing normal activities of daily living after an initial treatment for breast cancer have reduced overall survival compared with survivors without functional limitations, results of a long-term study indicate.
 
“Our study provides evidence of why it is important to develop interventions that improve physical function, to mitigate the adverse effects of physical limitations,” said lead author Dejana Braithwaite, PhD, of the University of California San Francisco.
 

In the first head-to-head comparison of targeted oral tyrosine kinase inhibitors as initial treatment for early-stage chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), molecular and cytogenetic remissions were more common with nilotinib compared with imatinib, the previous standard for treating early-stage CML, said Giuseppe Saglio, MD.

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