Braftovi (Encorafenib) plus Mektovi (Binimetinib) Third BRAF/MEK Inhibition Combination Approved for Metastatic Melanoma with BRAF Mutation
Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer.1 The 5-year relative survival rate for Americans with distant melanoma is only 23%. The National Cancer Institute estimated that there were 91,270 new cases of skin melanoma and more than 9300 deaths from this disease in 2018. This deadly disease is also costly; in the United States, expenditures for the treatment of melanoma exceeded $3 billion in 2018.
Oncology Nurse Practice: Exemplars in Assuring Safety in Clinical Implementation of Treatment Innovations in Melanoma
The immunotherapeutic landscape is dynamic and rapidly evolving. Immunomodulating therapies have proved effective in enhancing overall patient survival and inducing highly durable tumor responses. In this exciting and rapidly progressing setting, there is significant need for biosafety procedures to prevent unacceptable exposures.
Nivolumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor proved to extend survival in patients with metastatic melanoma, non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and renal-cell carcinoma (RCC). When patients receive nivolumab combined with ipilimumab, they experience higher tumor response rates and increased progression-free survival. Patients receiving combined immunotherapeutic agents experience higher rates of immune-related adverse events compared with patients receiving monotherapy.
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